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Swami Vivekananda Biography in English PDF
Born – 12 January 1863 in Calcutta
Died – 4 July 1902 (Age – 39)
Father- Vishwanath Dutt
Mother – Smt. Bhuvaneshwari Devi
Guru/Teacher – Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa
Philosophy – Modern Vedanta, Raja Yoga, Literary Works Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga
Statement – Arise, awake and do not stop till the destination is reached
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Calcutta in a Kayastha family. His childhood name was Narendranath Dutt. Father Vishwanath Dutt was a famous lawyer of Calcutta High Court. Durgacharan Dutt (Narendra’s grandfather) was a scholar of Sanskrit and Persian. He left his family at the age of 25 and became a monk. His mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a woman of religious thought. Most of the time was spent in worshiping Lord Shiva. Narendra’s father and his religious, progressive and rational attitude of mind helped shape his thinking and personality.
Since childhood, Narendra was very sharp intellect as well as naughty. He used to do a lot of mischief with his fellow children and did not miss to mischief with his teachers when he got a chance. Due to being of religious nature, Mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was very fond of listening to the stories of Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata etc. The narrators used to visit his house regularly.
There was also regular Bhajan-Kirtan, due to the influence of the religious and spiritual environment of the family, the values of religion and spirituality deepened in the mind of child Narendra since childhood. Due to the sanskars and religious environment of the parents, the yearning to know and attain God was visible in the child’s mind from childhood. In the eagerness to know about God, sometimes he used to ask such questions that even his parents and the narrator, Panditji, used to get confused.
Vivekananda was a great dreamer. He envisioned a society in which there should be no distinction between human beings on the basis of religion or caste. He put the principles of Vedanta in this form. Even without getting into the controversy of spiritualism versus materialism, it can be said that the basis of the principle of equality given by Vivekananda can hardly be found with a strong intellectual basis. Vivekananda had great hopes from the youth. The life of this virtuous sannyasi is an ideal for the youth of today. His maternal grandfather’s name was Shri Nandlal Basu.
Contribution of Swami Vivekananda
The work that Swami Vivekananda accomplished in his short life span of 39 years will continue to guide generations for many centuries to come.
At the age of 23, Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the World Conference of Religions in Chicago, America and got it universal recognition. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore once said – “If you want to know India, read Vivekananda. In them you will find everything positive, nothing negative.
Roman Rolan said about him – “It is impossible to imagine him to be second, wherever he went he was the first. Everyone used to refer to their leader in them. He was the representative of God and his specialty was to attain sovereignty over all. Once in the Himalayan region, an unknown traveler stopped to see him and shouted in surprise – Shiva! It was as if that person’s adorable god had written his name on his forehead.”
He was not only a saint but also a great patriot, speaker, thinker, writer and human lover. Returning from America, he called upon the countrymen and said – “New India came out from the cobbler’s shop, from the secret of the furrow, from the hut, from the market, from the bushes, forests, mountains, mountains” and the public called Swamiji. Taken off She walked out with pride. The public support that Gandhiji got in the freedom struggle was the initiative of Vivekananda’s call.
In this way he also became a major inspiration-source of the Indian freedom struggle. He believed that holy India is the holy land of religion and philosophy. This is the birth of great sages and great sages, this is the land of renunciation and renunciation, and it is only here that the highest ideal of life and the door of liberation have been opened for human beings from time immemorial till today. His statement – “Arise, awake, wake up yourself and awaken others, make your male birth successful and do not stop until the goal is achieved.”
death of swami vivekananda
Vivekananda’s eloquent and succinct lectures are famous all over the world. On the last day of his life he explained the Shukla Yajurveda and said – “One more Vivekananda is needed, to understand what this Vivekananda has done till now.” According to his disciples, even on July 4, 1902, on the last day of his life, he did not change his meditation routine and meditated for two to three hours in the morning and took Mahasamadhi after piercing his Brahmarandhra in the state of meditation. He was cremated on a sandalwood pyre on the banks of the Ganges at Belur. On the other side of the Ganges, his guru Ramkrishna Paramhans was cremated sixteen years ago.
His disciples and followers built a temple there in his inheritance and established more than 130 centers for the messages of Vivekananda and his guru Ramkrishna all over the world.
Basic Principles of Swami Vivekananda’s Philosophy of Education
- Education should be such that physical, mental and spiritual development of the child can take place.
- In the curriculum, both temporal and transcendental subjects should be given place.
- The relationship between teacher and student should be as close as possible.
- Humanitarian and national education should start from the family itself.
- Education should be such that the character of the child is formed, the mind is developed, the intellect is developed and the child becomes self-reliant.
- Equal education should be given to both boys and girls.
- Religious education should not be given through books but through conduct and rituals.
- Education can be obtained in the Guru Griha.
- Education should be promoted and spread among the general public.
- For the economic progress of the country, technical education should be arranged.
Sayings of Swami Vivekananda in English
Arise my lion, destroy the illusion that you are weak, you are an immortal soul, a free soul, blessed, eternal, you are not the element, nor the body, the element is your servant, you are the servant of the element No.
All the powers of the universe already belong to us, it is we who put their hands on their eyes and then weeps how dark it is.
Just as the streams originating from different sources mix their water in the sea, similarly every path chosen by man, whether good or bad, leads to God.
Never think that something is impossible for the soul, to think like this is the biggest heresy, if there is any sin, it is this, to say that you are weak or others are weak.
If money helps to do good to others, then it has some value, otherwise it is just a heap of evil, and the sooner it gets rid of the better.
In a word, it is the ideal that you are the divine.
That person has attained immortality, who is not disturbed by any worldly things.
Unless you believe in yourself, you cannot believe in God.
Truth can be stated in a thousand ways, yet each one will be true.
The world is a gymnasium where we come to strengthen ourselves.