Dadabhai Naoroji – Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji – Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji, dadabhai naoroji books, Dadabhai Naoroji’s thoughts on education, Political Thoughts of Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji – Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai ie Dadabhai_Naoroji (1825–1927), popularly known as the ‘great elder of India’, was a leading proponent and proponent of Indian nationalism. He was born on 4 September 1825 and died on 30 June 1917. He had got different types of experiences in his life. He was influenced by Wilberforce, Thomas Clarkson and Jacqui Macaulay, the pioneers of the ‘abolition of slavery’ movement. In 1853, he founded the Bombay Association with the help of some other members. In 1854, he was appointed Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Belphiston College, Bombay. In 1867 he and some of his friends together established the East India Association in London and in 1869 laid the foundation of its Bombay branch. In 1873, Dadabhai gave evidence before the Faucit Select Committee of Indian Finance. In 1874 he served as the Diwan of Baroda. In 1875 he became a member of the Bombay Municipal Corporation. In 1885 he was nominated as a member of the Bombay Provincial Legislative Council. As a result of his great perseverance and perseverance, in 1892 he was elected a member of the British Lok Sabha (House of Commons) from the Central Finsbury constituency to represent the Indian side. He was a member of the British Parliament from 1892 to 1895. During his long stay in England, he made fruitful friendships with Gladston, Bandlaw, Bright and Duke Argyll. As a result of the continuous efforts of Dadabhai and Charles Badlaw, a resolution was passed in the British Lok Sabha which recommended that examinations for all types of imperial services should be held simultaneously in England and India. In 1897, Dadabhai appeared before the Wably Commission of Indian Expenditure and presented a number of comments to the Commission. He regretted that the expenditure of suppressing the revolt of 1857 and the entire expenditure of the frontier wars including the campaign of Abyssinia and Chitral had been passed on to India. He worked tirelessly for the revival of Mother India for almost sixty years with unwavering dedication and great courage. Indians of all classes paid their homage to him and respected him. He was an icon of self-sacrifice and a representative of the highest ideals of Zoroastrianism. He had unique knowledge of Indian economy and finance. His works are full of grace, authoritative analysis of facts and objective intellectual approach. Dadabhai served the country as a school teacher, professor, businessman, administrator, member of the British Parliament and three times as the President of the Indian National Congress. In all these walks of life, he set a proud example of suffering, self-sacrifice, passionate patriotism and unblemished honesty. He was indeed a pioneer of Indian nationalism.

Dadabhai Naoroji’s thoughts on education

Dadabhai believed that the spread of education was very important for political progress. Through education, not only does the soul of the individual become enlightened with knowledge, it also generates the consciousness of rights in the minds of the people. He believed that the spread of education and accumulation of administrative experience would accelerate the progress towards Swaraj. Therefore he demanded ‘free compulsory primary education and free education of all kinds’.

Dadabhai has two main contributions to the Indian social sciences. First, he presented an economic explanation of Indian politics.’ Secondly, the scientific objective method was followed in the field of economic research. Therefore his method was economic and not emotional and sentimental. He made the Indian public aware of the issue of the country’s resources. Thus he became a prominent scholar in the field of Indian economics.
Secondly, Dadabhai gave importance to the concept of ‘right’ in his writings on Indian economics and politics. In the sixth and seventh decades of the nineteenth century, he referred to the concept of ‘natural rights’. In his presidential speech on the occasion of the Calcutta Congress in 1906, he claimed British citizenship for Indians on the basis of two types of rights (1) birthright, and (2) pledged rights. His demand was that the people of India should be given two rights immediately: (1) jobs in public services, and (2) representation. He always emphasized that Indians are British citizens, and are therefore entitled to all the rights and privileges associated with British citizenship.

Dadabhai’s method in relation to politics was ethical. His personal life was a life of supernatural purity. In his political activities also he acted with similar moral zeal. His devotion to India was sincere and heartfelt, and in the political field he worked with a spirit of unrelenting devotion and self-sacrificing dedication. He was the true embodiment of pure, sincere and unshakeable patriotism. They adopted the path of political movement because they considered it as the most powerful method for the economic and social restoration and progress of India. He believed that India’s hope, strength and integrity depended only on Swarajya. His great works for the salvation of the country influenced Gokhale. Thus this revered patriarch of Indian nationalism, through the sanctified truthfulness of his life and deeds, gave strength to the notion of moralizing politics.

Political Thoughts of Dadabhai Naoroji

The theory of the moral basis of political power was accepted by all the Indian supporters of liberalism. is. Justice, generosity and humanity are the only golden bonds that can maintain the unity of the political system. A political system can be long-lived only when the will and aspirations of its citizens are identified. Dadabhai writes: “You can build an empire by weapons or by force of mortal brute material force, but it can be preserved only by eternal military force. Brute force sometimes disintegrates. Only religion is eternal. Unity of heart, feeling and feelings is the real basis of political power. To consider power as the basis of power is a simple and clichéd approach, but on a deeper examination, the hollowness of such a notion is revealed. Dadabhai wrote: “They are deceiving themselves if they think that the security of their civilian officers or the people of Britain can be any other means than the satisfaction of the Indians. No matter how powerful, the security of his rule in India depends entirely on the satisfaction of the people of India. An empire can be built by brute force, but brute force cannot preserve it, only moral force, justice and religion protect it. be able to do.”

Dadabhai Naoroji – Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji, dadabhai naoroji books, Dadabhai Naoroji’s thoughts on education, Political Thoughts of Dadabhai Naoroji

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