Cause of Colon Cancer, Stage of Colon Cancer, Stage 1 Colon Cancer, Stage II Colon Cancer, Stage III Colon Cancer, Stage IV Colon Cancer, Recurrent Colon Cancer or Cancer Cells,
Hello friends, a warm welcome to all of you on BajiyaNews.com website. Today in this post we will talk about the serious disease colon cancer, which we also call cancer of the large intestine. Let us know about the causes and treatment of the disease.
Cause of Colon Cancer
Colon cancer occurs in the large intestine or large intestine and is a very common type of cancer, second only to lung cancer. Some groups and ethnicities, as well as people living in western industrialized countries, have a higher risk of colon cancer. The positive side is that colon cancer cure and survival rates are also very high. Colon cancer is also known as colo-rectal cancer. The large intestine has two parts: the upper part is the colon and the lower part is the anus or rectum. Cancer in the large intestine can spread to both areas, giving it the name colo-rectal cancer. The colon absorbs water and nutrients during the digestion of food. On the other hand, the rectum performs the function of expelling waste material from the body. There are four parts of the colon and cancer can start to develop in any of these parts.
Cancerous growth in the colon usually begins as a polyp. A polyp is a small tissue growth. This polyp will develop in the colon and if left untreated can develop into cancer over time. A specific type of polyp, called an adenomacan, is the primary seed of colon cancer. On average, it takes 5-10 years for a polyp to reach a diameter of about .5 inches. It takes another 5-10 years for it to develop into cancer.
20 years is enough to detect and treat the development of cancer, but it is difficult to detect any growth for many years. Thankfully, there are several diagnostic techniques available to successfully detect any cancerous growth or polyps. Some common techniques used in the diagnosis and treatment of colon cancer are barium enema, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, and biopsy. In addition, patients may be screened for blood in the stool or unexplained iron deficiency to see if a polyp or cancer is developing.
Colon cancer is a widespread disease, and much research is underway to increase survival rates and aid in early diagnosis. There are also many foundations that help colon cancer patients and provide information to people. When a doctor wants to evaluate the progress of colon cancer in one of his patients, he uses a method called staging. This method is about finding out the extent to which the tumor (colon cancer) has spread to other areas of the patient’s body. Once doctors know what stage colon cancer is at, they will develop the best course of action or treatment.
Stage of Colon Cancer
At present the most commonly used system for the staging process of colon cancer is called the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM Staging System. Simply put, this system used for staging involves placing patients in one of four stages.
Stage 0 Colon Cancer
Stage 0 is also known as carcinoma in situ or colorectal cancer. Colon cancer is detected in the inner lining of the colon in this stage.
Stage 1 Colon Cancer
Colon cancer has already started spreading at this stage. But cancer still occurs in the inner lining of the rectum or colon. Colon cancer in this stage has not yet reached the outer walls of the colon. Stage I is also known as Duke A or colorectal cancer.
Stage II Colon Cancer
Colon cancer in this stage has spread more deeply into or through the colon or rectum. Colon cancer may have affected other tissues as well. Colon cancer in this stage does not reach the lymph nodes (bean-shaped structures that can be found throughout the body that help the body fight off all kinds of infections and diseases. Stage II is called Duke B or colorectal cancer also known as.
Stage III Colon Cancer
When you are in this stage, colon cancer has now spread to the lymph nodes, although it has not spread to nearby parts of the body. Stage III is also known as Duke C or colorectal cancer.
Stage IV Colon Cancer
Colon cancer in this stage has spread through the lymph node system to other nearby tissues. This is commonly called metastasis. The organs most commonly affected are the lungs and liver. Stage IV is also known as Duke D or colorectal cancer.
Recurrent Colon Cancer or Cancer Cells
When doctors talk about recurrent colon cancer, they mean that cancer cells that have already been treated have come back. These cancer cells can possibly come back as colorectal cancer, but they can also come back in another part of the body.
Inherited colon cancer is an issue that both men and women need to be concerned about. Since this type of cancer is part of coding DNA, there is nothing you can do to prevent the fact that you may get it. However, you can get tested for inherited colon cancer and so your doctor can help you prevent it from affecting your lifestyle.
Even though inherited colon cancer is still a major disease in or around society, the number of deaths from it continues to decline due to the variety of tests implemented over the past 15 years. Initial screening at annual checkups can identify any development of polyps. Removing these will prevent colon cancer from starting and spreading.
Once polyps are found on a person, they will be scheduled for regular follow-up appointments. These may occur every three months, six months, or annually, depending on the family history of inherited colon cancer and the amount of polyps discovered. People with high cholesterol also have a higher risk of inherited colon cancer. Testing for this can help rule out factors that can be controlled because everyone can choose to reduce the amount of fatty foods they eat.
Testing for diabetes is also common for people who have inherited colon cancer. Statistics show that individuals with diabetes are 1/3 more likely to develop inherited colon cancer. Effective treatment of their diabetes may help compensate for the development of colon cancer. There are different types of tests that a person can undergo to test for inherited colon cancer. A fecal blood test may be done annually when the person goes in for routine check-ups. There is a flexible sigmoidoscopy that can be performed every five years. A complete colonoscopy only has to be done once every ten years. Your doctor can tell you what tests they recommend based on your family history, your current health problems, and your age.
Inherited colon cancer is an issue that you really need to be concerned about, is there any family history of it. It is ranked as the third largest form of cancer diagnosed in the United States. It is also the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Although it affects men slightly more than women, both sexes should be aware of their family history. If this is not possible then preliminary testing should be part of preventive measures.
More than one million people in the United States have been diagnosed with inherited colon cancer and survived. Early diagnosis due to advances in testing and aggressive treatment options has certainly contributed to their ability to overcome obstacles. It can take up to ten years before the first signs of inherited colon cancer are recognized in a person who develops an incurable cancer that will spread and result in their death.